1. The God of the Exodus

Ask any group of people ‘Who is God?’ and you will get a variety of responses. Some will say that he is real while others will deny that he exists. Even among those who believe in his existence, some will say that he is the creator, redeemer and sanctifier active in the world today, while others will say that he doesn’t really care, having abandoned his creation long ago.

So who is God and what does he say about himself? Why did the Israelites (with friends) abandon their homes in Egypt, to risk a perilous journey into the unknown? And, importantly for us, is this the kind of God in whom we can put our trust?


Group Discussion: Who is God?
Personal Reflection: What does God mean to me?


When God appeared to Moses, he gave him his name, ‘YHWH’ (often translated as LORD or Jehovah). He had heard the plight of the Israelites in Egypt and had come to rescue his people.

Read: Exodus 3:1-15

1. How does God reveal himself to Moses? Why did he approach Moses in this way? (vv. 1-6)

2. What had God come to do, and why? (vv.7-9)

3. What did God expect Moses to do? Comment on Moses’s reaction. (vv. 10-15)


God sent Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh in the hope of persuading him to let his people go. And, as an indication of his power, he gave them signs to perform and, later, plagues to inflict. The tenth and final plague was on the firstborn of all Egypt—men and animals alike.

Read: Exodus 12:3-13; 13:3

4. What was involved in the celebration of the Passover? (12:12-11)

5. Why were the instructions for the Passover so detailed? What would have happened if the people had decided to do things their own way?

6. The firstborn Egyptians were to be killed and the firstborn of the Israelites were to be saved. (12:12-13). What opportunities had God given the Egyptians to let the people go?


God didn’t just rescue his people from slavery in Egypt. He used Moses to lead his people to Mount Sinai, and eventually to the land he had promised to Abraham and his descendants.

Read: Deuteronomy 7:1-2; 18:9-14

7. What did God command his people to do when they reached Canaan? (7:1-2))

8. Why did God command it, and was it ‘fair’ on the inhabitants on Canaan? (18:9-14)

9. The God of the Old Testament is often criticised as being a God of war. But to what extent do his commands demonstrate the love of a father for his children?


The God of the Exodus is described as a God who cares for and listens to his people, he makes promises and keeps them, he judges unbelievers, and he rescues his people even in the most extraordinary circumstances.

10. Is this the kind of God that you believe in?

11. When you call out to be rescued by God, to what lengths do you expect God to go?

12. How obedient are you to the God who loves you? How much should we be expected to live with consequences of our mistakes?

Posted 18th September 2019
© 2019, Brian A Curtis